Chicken raising equipment includes: heating equipment, ventilation equipment, water supply equipment, feeding equipment, egg collection equipment, manure cleaning equipment, cages, lighting equipment, etc.
1. Heating equipment
As long as the purpose of heating and heat preservation can be achieved, heating methods such as electric heating, water heating, coal stoves and even kang and floor heating can be used, but it should be noted that the heating of coal stoves is dirty and prone to gas poisoning, so a chimney must be added. Pay attention to thermal insulation when designing the house.
2. Ventilation equipment
The closed chicken house must use mechanical ventilation. According to the direction of airflow in the house, it can be divided into horizontal ventilation and vertical ventilation. Horizontal ventilation refers to the direction of airflow in the house that is perpendicular to the long axis of the house, and vertical ventilation refers to a ventilation method in which a large number of fans are concentrated in one place, so that the air flow in the house is parallel to the long axis of the house.
Research and practice since 1988 have proved that the effect of vertical ventilation is better, which can eliminate and overcome the phenomenon of ventilation dead corners and small and uneven wind speed in the house during lateral ventilation, and at the same time eliminate the drawbacks of cross-infection between chicken houses caused by lateral ventilation.
3. Water supply equipment
From the point of view of saving water and preventing bacterial contamination, nipple drinkers are the most ideal water supply equipment, and high-quality water-tight drinkers must be selected.
At present, the most common use of cage-raised chickens and laying hens is V-shaped sinks, which often run water for water supply, but spend energy to scrub the sinks every day. When brooding flat, you can use a pendant-type automatic drinking fountain, which is both hygienic and water-saving.
4. Feeding equipment
Feeding troughs are mainly used, and long through troughs are used for caged chickens. This feeding method can also be used for flat brooding, and can also be used for feeding from hanging buckets. The shape of the feeding trough has a great influence on the throwing of the feed for the chickens. The feeding trough is too shallow and there is no edge protection, which will cause a lot of feed waste.
5. Egg collection equipment
Chicken farms with a high degree of mechanization use conveyor belts to collect eggs automatically, which is efficient but has a high breakage rate. In October, chicken farmers generally collect eggs by hand.
6. Manure cleaning equipment
General chicken farms use manual manure removal on a regular basis, while larger chicken farms can use mechanical manure removal.
The brooding can be done with a mesh plate or a three-dimensional multi-layer brooder; in addition to the flat net feeding, the bred chickens are mostly raised in overlapping or stepped breeding cages. Laying hens are basically caged. At present, there are many domestic manufacturers of chicken cages, which can be purchased according to the actual situation. The area of the chicken cage must be guaranteed.